SSEO 2011 Abstracts

Full Papers
Paper Nr: 2

OTTER PROJECT - Ontology Technology that Executes Real-time: Project Status


Thomas A. Tinsley

Abstract: Enterprise Architecture models are often overlooked or bypassed during information systems development. This usually results in complicating application integration and data sharing which can increase cost and cause problems. The OTTER project solves this problem by combining Enterprise Architecture principles, ontology reasoning, and Service Component Architecture. Together, this makes the Enterprise Architecture the foundation for component service development and execution. Protégé is used to define the layers of the Enterprise Architecture. These layers are mapped to Service Component Architecture standards to provide real-time execution of processes. Information access and service component access are both provided by OTTER using OWL data expressions. This use of OWL data expressions is an alternative to using XML web services for service access and SQL for relational database access.

Paper Nr: 3



Carlos Mendes, João Ferreira and Miguel Mira da Silva

Abstract: The services industry is currently the fastest growing part of economic activity in the world and some companies are changing their business models from product manufactures to service providers. These companies acknowledged the role of services as connection points between them and their customers. Still some service providers have a perception of what their customers want that differs from the real expected service. In this paper, we use Design & Engineering Methodology for Organizations to compare two lists of services provided by a Human Resources department: one based on a deion given by the head of the department and another based on the customers that use the department services. The differences between the two lists identify the gap between the customers’ expectations and the provider perceptions of those expectations.

Paper Nr: 5

ONTOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE ENTERPRISE FROM A PROCESS PERSPECTIVE - Operational, Tactical and Strategic Integration for Improved Decision-making


Edrisi Muñoz, Elisabet Capón, Jose M. Laínez, Antonio Espuña and Luis Puigjaner

Abstract: Enterprises are highly complex systems in which one or more organizations share a definite mission, goals and objectives to offer a product or service. Thus, enterprises comprise several functions which interact with each other, such as production, marketing, sales, human resources or logistics. As a result, decision-making in the enterprise becomes a highly challenging task, and such decision process is usually separated in several levels. Nevertheless, such levels are closely related, since they share data and information. Therefore, effective integration among the different hierarchical levels, by means of tools improving information sharing and communication, may play a crucial role for the enhanced enterprise operation, and consequently for fulfilling the enterprise’s goals. In order to achieve integration among the different decision levels, it is necessary to establish a common modeling framework. In this work, an ontological framework is built as the mechanism for information and knowledge models sharing for multiple applications. The potential of the general semantic framework developed (model maintenance, usability and re-usability) is demonstrated in the enterprise supply chain network design-planning problem case study presented. Further work is underway to unveil the full potential to implement a large-scale semantic web approach to support business processes decisions.

Short Papers
Paper Nr: 1

DYNAMIC BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS CONTROL - An Ontological Example: Organizational Access Control with DEMO


Sérgio Guerreiro, André Vasconcelos and José Tribolet

Abstract: This paper discusses the need to design control in the dynamic business transactions (DBT) of an enterprise. The concepts offered by the classical dynamic control systems (DSC) field are useful for identifying the main constructs. However, the complexity that today exists in the DBT is too high to be solely controlled by the analytical DSC approaches. A white-box ontology-based approach, supported by DEMO, is used to identify the core concepts required to enforce control in a DBT. Organizational access control exemplifies our proposal.

Paper Nr: 4



David Mendes and Irene Rodrigues

Abstract: Current trends in Health Informatics revolve strongly around data interchange issues. Awkwardly, this was a nineties problem in major sectors of the (digital) economy that have evolved steadily to the grander problem of interoperability between systems in most of those sectors. This “semantic” interoperability among information systems is nowadays seen as pretty mature subject in most of the organisations being the commercial sector the leading carrier in this bandwagon. In the late years the efforts towards the formal definitions of Enterprise Ontologies have rendered significant breakthroughs in aligning the “image of the enterprise” (virtual enterprise), that is, its organization reflected in their information systems and the knowledge that can be extracted from them, and the real organisations themselves, their processes and outcomes. This is not yet happening in the Health Sub domain of knowledge and in the HealthCare organisations in particular. Here some contributions are presented to bring both worlds together since there is a strong feeling that the scientific, technologic, political, standardization and personal motivation have just arrived.